Buildings are intensively exposed to the weather and substances are released to the environment by precipitation. The emissions often affect small water bodies in urban areas. For example, the leaching of biocides used in paints, plasters and wood preservatives is well known.
The simulation model COMLEAM (COnstruction Material LEAching Model) is developed in order to assess the leaching of substances and the environmental risk. COMLEAM takes into account real weather data and calculates the surface runoff as well as the wind driven rain at facades. Further factors affecting release and environmental impact are included in the calculations, e.g. building height, orientation, product and substance properties.
The user-friendly software COMLEAM calculates the transport path from weather-exposed components to receiving surface waters. The water and substance flow from construction products, buildings and settlements to water bodies is considered. Inorganic or organic substances can be freely integrated and their impact to water quality over the exposure period be determined.
With the software various requests can be addressed, e.g.
- Harmonized assessment of soluble substances used in construction products and its environmental impact to soil and water (e.g. substance and product regulation under Biocide Product Regulation, BPR, and Construction Product Regulation, CPR)
- Evaluation of measures to reduce water pollution by leached substances (source control, end-of-pipe)
- Scenario analyses to reduce the effort for field studies (extrapolation of lab or field data using standardized scenarios)
- Classification of construction products with regard to their impact to the environment (CE declaration, product label, etc.)
COMLEAM has been used in many projects and students thesis and in several workshops addressing people of industry, authorities and science.
Relevant factors influencing the released amount are the material and substance properties as well as water contact time (precipitation, wind direction, speed). The dynamic calculation of the water flux is taking into account at vertical components the wind driven rain WDR (e.g., facades) and on horizontal surfaces the runoff (e.g. flat roofs). Runoff coefficients can be defined individually for all components. The substance release is accounted for as a function of the water quantity. The user can specify the output quantities, material properties and emission functions if required. Implemented datasets (weather, geometries, emission functions, etc.) allow uniform simulations for substance and product evaluations.
COMLEAM considers weather, geometry and material data for exposure assessments.
- Precipitation, wind direction, and speed
- Hourly resolution
- Reference data implemented (FOCUS locations)
- Components, Buildings, settlement freely definable
- Possible to import georeferenced data (e.g. 3D GIS)
- Geometry file linked with substance information
- Substances and building materials
- Initial substance amounts in product
- Leaching data from laboratory and field
- Water quality
- Risk acceptance
- Standardized reporting (PDF, .CSV)
COMLEAM is available free of charge as a desktop version for single-user installation or as a web application. Access to the web application is possible with all devices (PC, tablet, smartphone). The features are identical for both versions, but the desktop version guarantees the highest level of confidentiality for sensitive data. The software is realized in Java and Angular. It provides an interface to GIS.
The download is password protected. To get your login, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Download all files and place all files in the same directory. The installation is started by double clicking on 'Setup'.
Current information on projects, lectures, events or student research projects, predominantly linked to information on the use of COMLEAM, are listed here.
COMLEAM Version 2.5
The new COMLEAM version 2.5 is under development. The new version fixes numerous small bugs and increases the performance of the application.
Am 14. Januar 2020 startete in Basel die grösste Baumesse der Schweiz, die Swissbau. Die HSR Rapperswil war zusammen mit dem Büro für Umweltchemie BFU vor Ort.
CEN 351 Conference
A meeting of the CEN/TC 351 Working Group 'Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances' was held in Vilnius (LT) from 16 to 17 October.
From the 04.11 the COMLEAM web app will be password protected. To get your login, please contact email@example.com
Beim „31. Hamburger Kolloquium zur Abwasserwirtschaft“ stehen die Themenblöcke Mikroschadstoffe/ Mikroplastik sowie das Management von Niederschlagswasser im Vordergrund.
3. COMLEAM Workshop
Am 12./13. September 2019 findet an der HSR Hochschule für Technik ein internationaler Workshop statt. Ziel ist, die neuen Funktionalitäten, Szenarien und Web-Version vorzustellen.
Aqua Urbanica 2019
Unter dem Motto "Regenwasser weiterdenken - Bemessen trifft Gestalten" werden Konzepte zur Retention und Nutzung von Regenwasser vorgestellt.
Lukas Füglister, Masterstudent, hat seine Projektarbeit "Konzept zur Auswertung von Geodaten digitaler Oberflächenmodelle und deren Aufbereitung als Eingabedaten für das Simulationsmodell COMLEAM" fertiggestellt.
Die Arbeitsgruppe ESTIMATE hat sich bei der BAM in Berlin getroffen und die Herausforderungen der Modellierung im Bereich von der Auslaugung und dem Eintrag in Boden und Gewässer diskutiert.
Ab sofort sind Neuigkeiten rund um die Anwendung von COMLEAM hier zu finden. Gratis-Zugang zur Web-Version und kostenlose technische Unterstützung werden über diese Seite angeboten.
Emission-based product evaluation (EmBaPro)
The leaching of heavy metals, biocides and other additives can be relevant for the environmental impact of building products - and thus for their life cycle assessment. The aim of the project is to develop a standardised method for measuring and assessing pollutants from building materials over their entire life cycle. Possibilities and procedures are defined, how an extrapolation of the emissions from building is possible over the entire service life and with which scheme an integration of the products into labels is possible.
Leaching of metal surfaces and release into groundwater - literature research and measurements under consideration of three urban pesticides (MEDAUG)
Literature and groundwater data were reviewed and supplementary measurements were carried out for the leaching of copper and zinc surfaces and their input into groundwater by percolating rainwater. For groundwater, the pesticides Terbutryn, Diuron and Mecoprop used in buildings were also included.
Leaching tests for construction products: Modelling and implementation for the Blue Angel certificate
On the one hand, eluates from roofing membranes will be investigated in biotests with aquatic organisms in order to advance the identification of the leaching behaviour under the 'Blauer Engel' label. On the other hand, proposals for European emission and environmental exposure scenarios for model-based environmental assessment of building products will be developed and simulated with COMLEAM.
Building and Refurbishment as a Pollutant Source in the Urban Environment: Guidance for Regulation and Actors (BaSaR)
How substances from new construction and refurbishment areas are released into the aquatic environment is only known in part. Therefore, it is not possible to estimate the risks for soil and water in urban areas. With leaching tests in the laboratory, investigations at two sites in Berlin and modelling with COMLEAM, it is clarified from which building products relevant substance inputs reach soil and water via rainwater. The measures are intended to change sustainable construction and renovation over the use phase of the life cycle of a building in such a way that the requirements for groundwater and surface water in the urban environment are met.
Root-resistant bitumen membranes: Test and evaluation procedures for leaching
Chemical anti-rooting agents are used against the root penetration of bitumen membranes. In the presented project, a methodology was developed to estimate the possible pollution in precipitation water and to derive the need for treatment on the basis of simple, harmonised laboratory tests. The three defined pollution classes (low, medium, high) are based on the system for rainwater pollution according to the VSA guideline "Wastewater management in rainy weather".
Modelling the leaching of biocides from materials and environmental exposure with COMLEAM software (MODCOM)
In the project, COMLEAM is used to calculate leaching and water pollution using both a BPR-compliant procedure (ESDs) and dynamic simulation. For this purpose, BPR emission scenarios (urban and rural scenarios) were implemented in the software code for product type (PT) 7 to 10. In addition, automated reporting with the relevant results was integrated and simulation calculations for exemplary selected European sites for leaching and discharge into surface waters were implemented. An exposure analysis of the emissions in comparison with numerical requirements (exposure classification) and comparative statistical analysis of selected parameters to clarify the transferability of the model results (sensitivity analysis) complete the project.
Here you will find technical articles, reports and presentations for download.
Biocidal products - Entry into the aquatic environment: Consumption levels of biocidal active substances in protective agents, antifouling and in the veterinary field
Environmental label for facade paints
COMLEAM Software: Leaching and Environmental Exposure Modelling, Fresenius Conference 2018
Emission and transfer functions for the modelling of leaching from construction products
UBA Report 28/2018 (German)
Modelling trace substances' release from buildings and the input into water bodies during rainy weather
Biocides for the protection of coatings: What are the challenges? SVLFC Technology Day Rapperswil
Clean building is a necessity
Rubber granulate in artificial turf pitches
Pollution classes and performance testing of technical rainwater treatment plants (adsorbers), VSA sewerage forum
COMLEAM is developed and supported by the following institutes of HSR University of Applied Sciences in Rapperswil, Switzerland
For technical questions regarding the software and the use of COMLEAM, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
HSR University of Applied Sciences Rapperswil